Robert R. Greene Sands, Ph.D., is a Senior Research Fellow at the Institute for the Study of Culture and Language at Norwich University. Sands, an anthropologist, teaches in the Strategic Security and Defense Analysis Program in Norwich University’s College of Graduate and Continuing Studies. Sands also is a consultant supporting the development of Language and Culture programs for various agencies within the Department of Defense and the Intelligence Community. From 2008 to 2011, Sands was Culture Chair then Chair of the Cross-Cultural Competence Department and Assistant Professor of Anthropology at the Air Force Culture and Language Center (AFCLC) and Air University at Maxwell AFB, AL. Sands is the author of several books, articles and chapters on culture and language in the Department of Defense and the Intelligence Community and co-editor (with Allison Greene-Sands) of the forthcoming volume, Culture, the Flipside of the COIN: Cross-Cultural Competence for a 21st Century Military (Lexington Books).